Heat units for Oregon vineyards 17 to 31 days earlier than average

By on September 4, 2013
Greg Jones, University of Southern Oregon professor, shares his climate research with the Oregon Wine Industry Symposium on Feb, 19, 2013 in Portland. (Photo by Carolyn Wells-Kramer)

Greg Jones, University of Southern Oregon professor, shares climate research with the Oregon Wine Industry Symposium in Portland. (Photo by Carolyn Wells-Kramer)

ASHLAND, Ore. – Greg Jones, one of the wine world’s top climatologists, reported that growing degree-day accumulation through Aug. 31 ranged from 17 to 30 days earlier than average in four major regions for Oregon vineyards.

“In other words, we would not expect to reach these growing degree-day numbers until the third week to the end of September,” the University of Southern Oregon professor wrote in the latest update he distributed Tuesday to the wine industry from his Ashland office.

The heat unit totals for the four areas Jones highlighted in his report ranged from 14 to 22 percent higher than the 30-year average of 1981 to 2010.

mcminnville-2013-growing-degree-days-augustThe Willamette Valley’s McMinnville American Viticultural Area, with its 1,936 accumulated GDD on Aug. 31, is tracking just ahead of 2003, a recent warm year that had reached 1,895 by that same date. Contrast that with the 1,360 by Aug. 31 during 2010 vintage – a GDD difference of 576. It’s well beyond the 30-year average of 1,703, an increase of 14 percent.

Stoney Vine Vineyard, established in 2007 near the Walla Walla Valley town of Milton-Freewater, Ore., is a 17-acre estate planting by Dusted Valley Vintners.

Stoney Vine Vineyard, established in 2007 near the Walla Walla Valley town of Milton-Freewater, Ore., is a 17-acre estate planting by Dusted Valley Vintners. (Photo by Eric Degerman/Great Northwest Wine)

Jones’ weather station in Milton-Freewater, which is part of the two-state Walla Walla Valley AVA, indicates a similar pattern. It measured 2,831 GDD, a difference of 557 compared to 2010. The warm vintage of 2003 had 2,676 GDD by the end of August, while the 30-year average is 2,430. That’s 17 percent above the average.

milton-freewater-2013-growing-degree-days-augustMedford’s total to start Sept. 1 stood at 2,751. The figure had hit 2,537 by the same date in in 2003 but was just 2,193 three years ago. The 30-year-old average is 2,310 – 19 percent increase.

medford-2013-growing-degree-daysRoseburg stands at 2,530 GDD. That’s ahead of 2003 by 248. The cool year of 2010 stood at just 1,907, while the 30-year average is 2,068, so this vintages reflects a spike of 22 percent above the average.

roseburg-2013-growing-degree-days“For those in Oregon, our August growing degree-day numbers have continued their above-normal trend, running 10-23 percent above the average of the last 10 years, while year to date precipitation is down 42-50 percent,” Jones wrote. “Plant growth is ahead of normal with growing degree-day accumulations on Aug. 31st being reached 17 to 30 days earlier than normal.”

Precipitation is not a major factor throughout most of the Pacific Northwest wine industry because of drip irrigation, however there are some plantings in the Willamette Valley – including famed Pinot Noir site Shea Vineyard – that are dry-farmed.

Parts of Northwest 3.2 degrees hotter than average

“August 2013 continued the general conditions of a warm and dry western U.S. and cooler and wetter eastern U.S.,” Jones wrote. ” … warmer than normal conditions were seen in the Central Coast and throughout most of the western valleys of Oregon and most of eastern Washington (up to 3.2°F above normal).

“While cloud cover from the cut-off lows produced cooler than normal conditions over portions of California and Oregon, the path of moisture surplus was limited to the Sierra Nevadas, extreme northwest California and southern Oregon, and the Cascades all the way into Washington,” Jones continued. “Many locations in these regions saw record breaking August rainfall amounts from one to three isolated events. While the systems did spawn some dry lightning that initiated fires, the rain and slightly cooler conditions helped slow down many of the long running and larger fires.”

Forecast hints at warmer-than-normal September

Much of the weather forecasting models are generated by analyzing sea surface temperatures, and “there has been no drastic change in the sea surface temperatures over the equatorial Pacific with conditions remaining mostly neutral (La Nada),” Jones wrote.

That helps explain why the Climate Prediction Center indicates more of the same in September.

“The current CPC short-term forecasts (6-10 and 8-14 days) through the end of the second week in September are pointing to a greater than normal chance for warmer and drier conditions over the western US,” Jones reported. “The current trough and closed low off Oregon and Washington will move inland and then eastward by Thursday/Friday bringing a slight chance of rain to western locations southward into California and potential thunderstorms to eastern Washington.

“Afterwards conditions are expected to warm to mid-80s into mid-90s and even into the 100s in the normally warmest locations,” he continued. “The 30-day forecast is currently showing a good chance for warmer than normal conditions across most of the west, but equal chance for normal to cool conditions right along the coast from southern Oregon to southern California.”

About Eric Degerman

Eric Degerman is the President and CEO of Great Northwest Wine. He is a journalist with more than 30 years of daily newspaper experience and has been writing about wine since 1998. He co-founded Wine Press Northwest magazine with Andy Perdue and served as its managing editor for a decade. He is a frequent wine judge at international wine competitions throughout North America and orchestrates 10 Northwest competitions each year.

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